An Overview of Different Plumbing Parts

Plumbing is a critical aspect of any building's infrastructure, as it ensures the efficient delivery and removal of water. While it may appear complex, understanding the different components can demystify the system and empower homeowners to carry out minor repairs and maintenance. This article outlines various types of plumbing parts.

Pipes and Tubes

At the heart of any plumbing system are the pipes and tubes that transport water. These can be made of various materials, including copper, PVC, and PEX, each offering unique benefits. Copper is durable and resistant to bacteria. PVC is cost-effective and easy to work with, and PEX is flexible and resistant to scale and chlorine.


Fittings connect different pieces of pipe and help direct water flow. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes, including elbows (which change the direction of flow), tees (which split the flow), and couplings (which connect two pipes).


Valves control the water flow within the plumbing system. Some common types include ball valves (which use a rotating ball for control), gate valves (which use a gate to block or allow flow), and pressure-reducing valves (which maintain a specific pressure).


Faucets, also known as taps, are devices that control the release of water. They are most commonly found in kitchens and bathrooms. Different types include compression faucets (which control flow with a screw-like mechanism), ball faucets (which use a ball bearing), and disk faucets (which use a ceramic disk).


The P-trap is the U-shaped piece directly under your sink. It traps a small amount of water in the bend, creating a seal that prevents sewer gases from entering the home. If you've ever dropped something down the drain, it's likely in the P-trap.

Although harder to notice, toilets have a built-in trap. Bathtubs and showers have one too, although it's usually hidden beneath them.

Water Heaters

A water heater is an essential component of a plumbing system, providing hot water for cooking, cleaning, and bathing. They can be tank-style, where water is heated and stored for use, or tankless, where water is heated on demand.


The toilet is a critical fixture in the plumbing system. It consists of several parts, including the bowl, tank, flapper, fill valve, and flush valve, all working together to dispose of waste efficiently and hygienically.

Garbage Disposals

Garbage disposals are devices installed under kitchen sinks to grind up food waste so it can be washed down the drain. They are an effective way to reduce the amount of waste going to landfills.

Contact a local plumbing company near you for plumbing parts.